Condition – Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms that indicate damage to kidney. Nephrotic syndrome includes the following:

  • Proteinuria—large amounts of protein in the urine
  • Hyperlipidemia—higher than normal fat and cholesterol levels in the blood
  • Edema, or swelling, usually in the legs, feet, or ankles and less often in the hands or face
  • Hypoalbuminia—low levels of albumin in the blood

Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms of nephrotic syndrome are:

  • Weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Foamy urine
  • Loss of appetite
  • Protein in urea
  • Swelling


This is a disease that only affects kidneys. Its causes include:

  • Diabetic kidney disease
  • Heart failure
  • Blood clot in a kidney vein
  • Minimal change disease
  • Chronic inflammatory disease


The treatment for nephrotic syndrome involves treating any underlying medical condition that may be causing this syndrome.

Medications may include blood pressure medications, water pills, cholesterol-reducing medications, and blood thinners.

Patients with nephrotic syndrome may be given pneumococcal vaccine which helps protection against a bacteria causing infection.