Condition - Acne

Acne is typically defined as a skin condition that results into pimples or zits. This includes whiteheads, blackheads, and red, inflamed patches of skin (such as cysts).

Signs and Symptoms

Acne generally appears on the face and shoulders, but its signs and symptoms may also appear on the trunk, arms, legs, and buttocks.

  • Blackheads
  • Cysts
  • Redness around skin eruptions
  • Pustules
  • Whiteheads
  • Small red bumps
  • Crusting of skin bumps

Causes

Acne is triggered by:

  • Hormonal changes related to puberty, menstrual periods, pregnancy, birth control pills, or stress
  • Greasy or oily cosmetic and hair products
  • Allergic reaction to certain drugs
  • High level of humidity and sweating

Treatment

The easiest way to prevent acne is to take proper care of your skin by cleaning your skin with a mild, non-drying soap. This will remove all dirt or make-up. Other treatment options include:

  • Oral antibiotics – These antibiotics are frequently prescribed of patients with severe acne and some patients with moderate acne too.
  • Oral contraceptives – If acne development in women is related to hormonal changes, your doctor might suggest you oral contraceptives that suppress the overactive gland and are commonly used as long-term treatments for acne in women.
  • Interlesional Corticosteroid Injection - If an acne cyst becomes severely inflamed there is a high risk of rupturing. A rupturing acne cyst can often result in scarring. The specialist may inject a diluted corticosteroid to treat the inflamed cyst and prevent scarring.
Condition - Blackheads

A blackhead is defined as a yellow or blackish bump or plug on the skin, and is generally found on the face or the back. Blackheads are caused by excess oil that accumulates in the sebaceous gland’s duct.

Signs and Symptoms

Common warning signs that indicate the need for treatment include:

  • Pustules
  • Swelling on and around the skin eruptions
  • Scarring on the skin
  • Redness on and around the exanthemas
  • Inflamed and infected nodules
Causes

The major cause of blackheads is the excessive development of oil in the skin. Other causes are:

  • Improper cleansing of skin
  • Over exposure to pollution, dirt and dust
  • Hormonal changes
  • Using greasy cosmetics and hair products
  • Allergic reaction to certain drugs

Treatment

Some common treatment options for blackheads include:

  • Cleansing the skin with a mild and non-drying herbal soap
  • Oral antibiotics
  • Herbs like Neem, Turmeric, Aloe, Garcinia, Butea, Asparagus
Condition - Eczema

Eczema is also known as Atopic Dermatitis and a chronic skin disorder that involves scaly and itchy rashes.

Signs and Symptoms

Common Eczema signs include:

  • Blisters with oozing and crusting
  • Ear discharge or bleeding
  • Dry skin all over the body
  • Skin coloring changes
  • Skin redness and inflammation

Causes

Its major causes are:

  • Personal and family history
  • Skin allergy
  • Cold weather conditions, like dryness
  • Contact with chemicals
  • Emotion and stress
  • Flu
  • Exposure to water

Treatment

There are several treatment options available to treat eczema. Taking care of your skin at home may reduce the need for medications.

  • Avoid scratching the rash or skin area
  • Avoid using strong soaps or detergents, as well as chemicals and solvents
  • Your doctor may suggest you some antihistamines that may help with itching or if you have allergies
  • Phototherapy, a medical treatment in which your skin is carefully exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light
Condition -Hair Loss

Hair loss can be defined as the partial or complete loss of hair. It generally develops gradually and may be patchy or all over. Both men and women tend to lose their hair thickness and amount as they age.

Signs and Symptoms

The most common signs of hair loss are:

  • Gradual thinning on top of head
  • Circular or patchy bald spots
  • Sudden loss of hair
  • Fully-body hair loss
 
Causes

There could be many reasons behind hair loss including:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Aging
  • Stress
  • Skin infection
  • Anemia
  • Burns
  • Thyroid
 
Treatment

For some types of hair loss, hair may resume growth without any treatment. In other conditions, treatment may be needed to resume hair growth or slowdown hair loss.

  • Keep the skin clean
  • Do not reuse contaminated items
  • Wash non-disposable items in boiling water or disinfect them before using them again
Condition - Moles

Moles are defined as common, small tan or brown spots on the skin. They may be mistaken for freckles and other skin growths.

Signs and Symptoms
  • Swelling on and around the skin eruptions
  • Scarring on the skin
  • Redness on and around the exanthemas
  • Inflamed and infected nodules

Causes

The major causes for moles include:

  • Family history
  • Sun-protected areas like the palms, soles, and genitals
  • Over exposure to sun light

Treatment

The treatment of moles depends on their type and cause. For example, true moles can be treated by surgical removal. Lasers are also being used in some medical centres to remove some types of moles.